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ECE Research News

The new quantum spurs action by the Michigan Quantum Science & Technology Working Group

The new working group showcased Michigans strength in Quantum Science at a workshop attended by researchers throughout the University of Michigan. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Bhattacharya, Pallab  Forrest, Stephen  Kira, Mackillo  Ku, Pei-Cheng (P.C.)  Quantum Science and Technology  Solid-State Devices and Nanotechnology  Steel, Duncan  

First programmable memristor computer aims to bring AI processing down from the cloud

Professors Wei Lu, Zhengya Zhang, and Michael Flynn have developed the first programmable memristor computer, which could lead to the direct processing of artificial intelligence on small devices, including smartphones. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Flynn, Michael  LNF  Lu, Wei  Machine Learning  Memristor  Zhang, Zhengya  

Kirigami can spin terahertz rays in real time to peer into biological tissue

The rays used by airport scanners might have a future in medical imaging. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  LNF  Lab-Optics and Photonics  Medical Imaging  Norris, Theodore B.  Sensing and Sensors  

Prof. Louise Willingale creates extreme plasma conditions using high-intensity laser pulses

Willingale's research in plasma physics advances many research areas from spectacular astrophysical phenomena to cancer treatment to fusion power. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Optics and Photonics  Optics and Photonics  Plasma Science and Engineering   Power and Energy  Space technology  Willingale, Louise  

By Cannibalizing Nearby Stromal Stem Cells, Some Breast Cancer Cells Gain Invasion Advantage

Cancer biologists and engineers collaborated on a device that could help predict the likelihood of breast cancer metastasis. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Cancer  Electronic devices  Health and Safety  Yoon, Euisik  

Computer vision: Finding the best teaching frame in a video for fake video fightback

The frame in which a human marks out the boundaries of an object makes a huge difference in how well AI software can identify that object through the rest of the video. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Autonomous Vehicles  Computer Vision  Corso, Jason  Machine Learning  Robotics and Autonomous Systems  

Advancing AI for video

Prof. Jason Corso's startup launches powerful video processing platform. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Autonomous Vehicles  Corso, Jason  Entrepreneurship and Tech Transfer  Machine Learning  

New DOE project aims to convert a traditional engine into a hybrid OP engine with the help of control algorithms

A new project funded by ARPA-E partners Achates Power and the University of Michigan in the development of a novel hybrid electric engine. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Automotive industry  Electric Vehicles and HEVs  Hofmann, Heath  Sustainability and Environment  

A high-efficiency GaAs solar cell to power the Internet of Tiny Things

The Michigan Micro Mote gets a new gallium arsenide solar cell for added power and adaptability. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Blaauw, David  Electronic devices  Internet of Things  Lab-Michigan Integrated Circuits (MICL)  Millimeter-scale Computing  Phillips, Jamie D.  Sensing and Sensors  

SLAM-ming good hardware for drone navigation

Researchers built the first visual SLAM processor on a single chip that provides highly accurate, low-power, and real-time results. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Blaauw, David  Computer Architecture  Computer Vision  Electronic devices  Kim, Hun-Seok  Lab-Michigan Integrated Circuits (MICL)  Sylvester, Dennis  

Blood biopsy: New technique enables detailed genetic analysis of cancer cells

Capturing cancer cells from blood samples offers a non-invasive way to observe whether the cancer is disappearing or whether it is becoming resistant to the treatment. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Cancer  Electronic devices  Health and Safety  Yoon, Euisik  

Communicating with the world's smallest computers

Researchers built the first millimeter-scale transmitter and antenna that can talk Bluetooth Low Energy with ease. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Blaauw, David  Communications  Electronic devices  Kim, Hun-Seok  Millimeter-scale Computing  Wentzloff, David  

A new $1.6M energy project to develop low cost manufacturing of white organic lighting

Prof. Stephen Forrest is developing an automated high-yield roll-to-roll process to manufacture organic LEDs for lighting. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Energy Science and Engineering  Forrest, Stephen  Solid-State Devices and Nanotechnology  Sustainability and Environment  

New research for the future of sustainable power and energy

Take a look at some of the exciting new projects that will help define the next evolution of sustainable power and energy. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Control Systems  Energy Science and Engineering  Hiskens, Ian  Lab-Michigan-Power-and-Energy(MPEL)  Mathieu, Johanna  Ozay, Necmiye  Power and Energy  Sustainability and Environment  

Battery economics could power the future of energy

Prof. Johanna Mathieu of EECS and Prof. Catherine Hausman of Public Policy are heading a new project to explore the social costs and benefits of battery energy storage on the electrical grid. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Energy Science and Engineering  Lab-Michigan-Power-and-Energy(MPEL)  Mathieu, Johanna  Power and Energy  Sustainability and Environment  

How air conditioners could advance a renewable power grid

In an approach that wont disrupt consumers, researchers will tackle two of the biggest issues in the energy industry. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Energy Science and Engineering  Hiskens, Ian  Lab-Michigan-Power-and-Energy(MPEL)  Mathieu, Johanna  Networking, Operating Systems, and Distributed Systems  Power and Energy  Sustainability and Environment  

More efficient machine vision technology modeled on human vision

Prof. Robert Dick and advisee Ekdeep Singh Lubana developed a new technique called Digital Foveation that significantly improves the efficiency of machine vision applications. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Computer Vision  Dick, Robert  Signal & Image Processing and Machine Learning  

Time-varying metamaterials for next generation communication, sensing, and defense systems

With $7.5M MURI grant, Professor Anthony Grbic is developing metamaterials for a new generation of integrated electromagnetic and photonic systems. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Antennas  Applied Electromagnetics and RF Circuits  Communications  Grbic, Anthony  Lab-Radiation (RADLAB)  Sensing and Sensors  

Laura Balzano receives ARO Young Investigator Award to improve high-dimensional big data problems

Applications include managing large networked systems, such as sensor networks, power grids, or computer networks. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Balzano, Laura  Big Data  Data and Computing  Signal & Image Processing and Machine Learning  

Toward brain-like computing: New memristor better mimics synapses

A new electronic device developed by Prof. Wei Lu and collaborators can directly model the behaviors of a synapse, which is a connection between two neurons. For the first time, the way that neurons share or compete for resources can be explored in hardware without the need for complicated circuits. "Neuroscientists have argued that competition and cooperation behaviors among synapses are very important. Our new memristive devices allow us to implement a faithful model of these behaviors in a solid-state system," said Lu. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Electronic devices  Lu, Wei  Memristor  Solid-State Devices and Nanotechnology  

A window into the future of solar power

Prof. Stephen Forrest is looking to have windows double as efficient solar cells in buildings of the future. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Energy Science and Engineering  Forrest, Stephen  Solid-State Devices and Nanotechnology  Sustainability and Environment  

A new company, Omniscent, is sniffing out dangerous levels of toxic chemicals in the air

Co-founded by Prof. Yogesh Gianchandani and alumnus and research scientist Dr. Yutao Qin, the company's subscription service offers real-time monitoring [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Entrepreneurship and Tech Transfer  Gianchandani, Yogesh  Health and Safety  LNF  MEMS and Microsystems  Sensing and Sensors  

Photosynthesis and Clean Energy

In this interview with Scitech Now, Prof. Zetian Mi talks about a new way to create energy from the sun - borrowing from the idea of photosynthesis. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Electronic devices  Energy Science and Engineering  Lab-Solid State Electronics (SSEL)  Mi, Zetian  Solid-State Devices and Nanotechnology  Sustainability and Environment  

$6.8M initiative to enable American laser renaissance

After Europe and Asia surpassed U.S. in high intensity laser research in the early 2000s, the Department of Energy is funding new collaborative research network to make the U.S. more competitive. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lasers and Optics  

U-M researchers develop small device that bends light to generate new radiation

Prof. Roberto Merlin led the development of a device the size of a match head that can bend light inside a crystal to generate synchrotron radiation in a lab. Prof. Anthony Grbic led the team that designed the metasurface with former doctoral student Carl Pfeiffer. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Applied Electromagnetics and RF Circuits  Grbic, Anthony  Lab-Radiation (RADLAB)  

Active learning study may lead to a step toward broader change in higher education

Rare in engineering education research, the project directed by Prof. Cindy Finelli involves a randomized control trial to determine if its effective [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Education  Engineering Education Research  Finelli, Cynthia  

It takes two photonic qubits to make quantum computing possible

Professors Ku and Steel are applying their expertise to take key next steps toward practical quantum computing in the NSF project, Two-Photon Quantum Photonic Logic Gates Enabled by Photonic Bound States. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Electronic devices  Ku, Pei-Cheng (P.C.)  Optics and Photonics  Quantum Science and Technology  Solid-State Devices and Nanotechnology  Steel, Duncan  

Conducting an orchestra of sensor nodes

PhD student Farzad Asgarian keeps time in the Internet of Things with frequency scaling, allowing for lower power sensor nodes that are more accurate. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Graduate Students  Internet of Things  Najafi, Khalil  Sensing and Sensors  

Solving Impossible Equations

Eric Michielssen and collaborators have received the Sergei A. Schelkunoff Transactions Prize Paper Award for research impacting the ability to rapidly analyze electromagnetic phenomena. This award is presented to the authors of the best paper published in the IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation during the previous year. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Applied Electromagnetics and RF Circuits  Michielssen, Eric  

The new law that will guide the future of information processing

Professor S. Sandeep Pradhan is working with Cambridge University on the new law of small numbers, which could impact the next generation of information processing networks. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Information Technology  Internet of Things  Networking, Operating Systems, and Distributed Systems  Pradhan, S. Sandeep  

Blue Sky and Research Accelerator Initiatives fund solar fuel and high-power research

Zetian Mi leads a Blue Sky Initiative to contribute to clean water and renewable fuel, while Becky Peterson leads an effort to improve how we manufacture the electronics needed for high-power devices. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Mi, Zetian  Peterson, Becky (R. L.)  Power and Energy  Solid-State Devices and Nanotechnology  Sustainability and Environment  

Memory-processing unit (MPU) could bring memristors to the masses

AI, weather forecasting and data science would all benefit from computers that store and process data in the same place. Professor Wei Lu is working on memristors that could be up to the task. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Electronic devices  Lu, Wei  Memristor  

A new hybrid chip that can change its own wiring

As part of a national effort to advance electronics technology, Hun-Seok Kim, assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering, will lead a $5.2 million project to develop a new type of system-on-chip (SoC) that mixes together the adaptability of general purpose processors with the efficiency of specialized processors, allowing for demanding applications such as highly intelligent wireless communication systems used in radar and swarms of autonomous devices. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Blaauw, David  Dreslinski, Ron  Integrated Circuits and VLSI  Kim, Hun-Seok  Mudge, Trevor  

Enabling anyone to design hardware with a new open-source tool

In a $6.5 million U-M-led project that could revolutionize and democratize designing hardware devices, Professors Wentzloff, Blaauw, Dreslinski, and Sylvester will work to create an open-source hardware compiler that aims to reduce the six month process of hand-designing analog circuits to a dramatically faster and automated 24-hour routine. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Blaauw, David  Computer-Aided Design & VLSI  Dreslinski, Ron  Integrated Circuits and VLSI  Lab-Michigan Integrated Circuits (MICL)  Sylvester, Dennis  Wentzloff, David  

Michigan chips will be first to test next-generation hardware design tools

Professors Sylvester, Blaauw, and Dreslinski will test tools and provide feedback in a national program that aims to build free, open-source electronic design automation tools. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Blaauw, David  Computer-Aided Design & VLSI  Dreslinski, Ron  Integrated Circuits and VLSI  Lab-Michigan Integrated Circuits (MICL)  Sylvester, Dennis  

An even smaller world's smallest computer

The Michigan team behind the original Michigan Micro Mote, the world's smallest computer, has gone even smaller, with a device that measures just 0.3 mm to a side -- dwarfed by a grain of rice. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Blaauw, David  Health and Safety  Integrated Circuits and VLSI  Internet of Things  Lab-Michigan Integrated Circuits (MICL)  MEMS and Microsystems  Millimeter-scale Computing  Phillips, Jamie D.  Sensing and Sensors  Sylvester, Dennis  

How to color-code nearly invisible nanoparticles

L. Jay Guo and his team are applying color-coding to particles that are about the size of color itself, allowing scientists to quickly determine the size of nanoparticles, which can help in biomedical drug delivery, biological sensors, advanced coatings, and lithography of more advanced computer chips. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Guo, L. Jay  Optics and Photonics  Solid-State Devices and Nanotechnology  

Harvesting clean hydrogen fuel through artificial photosynthesis

A new device can double the previous efficiency of using solar energy to break apart water and harvest hydrogen. This new device, developed by Professor Zetian Mi and researchers at McGill University, opens the path to commercial viability. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Energy Science and Engineering  Mi, Zetian  Sustainability and Environment  

Light could make semiconductor computers a million times faster or even go quantum

Professor Mackillo Kira is working on a technique to manipulate electrons with light that could bring quantum computing up to room temperature. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Kira, Mackillo  Optics and Photonics  Quantum Science and Technology  

$6.25M project will decode worlds most complex networks

A new $6.25 million project built on game theory and led by Professors Mingyan Liu and Michael Wellman will develop tools to understand and shape online and on-the-ground networks that drive human decision making. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Liu, Mingyan  Networking, Operating Systems, and Distributed Systems  Wellman, Michael  

Organic solar cells reach record efficiency, benchmark for commercialization

The team led by Professor Stephen Forrest built record efficient, multi-layered organic solar cells that will be able to curve in clothing or be transparently built into windows. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Forrest, Stephen  Power and Energy  Sustainability and Environment  

Solar cells enable self-powered camera

Prof. Euisik Yoon and post-doc Sung-Yun Park developed a self-powered image sensor by placing a photovoltaic diode behind the photodetector diode, collecting the photons that pass through and converting them into electricity. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Electronic devices  Internet of Things  MEMS and Microsystems  Yoon, Euisik  

Improving communication between humans and robots in 20 noisy questions

A team of information scientists led by Prof. Alfred Hero have discovered a better way to facilitate communication between humans and robots, using a twist on the classic game of 20 Questions. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Big Data  Hero, Alfred  Information Technology  Signal & Image Processing and Machine Learning  

Dmitry Berenson receives NSF CAREER Award to advance a robot's ability to handle soft objects

Prof. Dmitry Berenson was awarded an NSF CAREER award to improve the ability of autonomous robots to handle soft, deformable objects. The project is entitled Towards General-Purpose Manipulation of Deformable Objects through Control and Motion Planning with Distance Constraints." [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Berenson, Dmitry  Control Systems  Robotics and Autonomous Systems  

SMAP Update: A mission to manage water globally

Three Miichigan faculty (Prof. Kamal Sarabandi, Prof. Leung Tsang, and Dr. Leland Pierce) are working to improve the information about global soil moisture in the NASA mission called Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP). [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Applied Electromagnetics and RF Circuits  Lab-Radiation (RADLAB)  Pierce, Leland E.  Sarabandi, Kamal  Sensing and Sensors  Tsang, Leung  

Duncan Steel Co-Editor-in-Chief of Encyclopedia of Modern Optics, 2nd edition

Duncan Steel, Robert J. Hiller Professor of Engineering, is Co-Editor-in-Chief of the second edition of the Encyclopedia of Modern Optics, published by Elsevier. Topics covered include classical and quantum optics, lasers, optical fibers and optical fiber systems, optical materials and light-emitting diodes (LEDs). [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Optics and Photonics  Optics and Photonics  Steel, Duncan  

Prof. Amir Mortazawi Introduces Robust Wireless Power Transfer

In this video, Prof. Mortazawi introduces his work in improving wireless charging. Compared to conventional methods of wireless power, which require a specific distance and alignment, Prof. Mortazawi's version operates over a range of distances and orientations without a drop in power. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Mortazawi, Amir  Power and Energy  Wireless Systems  

Semiconductor Breakthrough May Be Game-changer for Organic Solar Cells

In an advance that could push cheap, ubiquitous solar power closer to reality, Prof. Stephen Forrest and his team have found a way to coax electrons to travel much further than was previously thought possible in the materials often used for organic solar cells and other organic semiconductors. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Forrest, Stephen  Solid-State Devices and Nanotechnology  Sustainability and Environment  

New quick-learning neural network powered by memristors

Prof. Wei Lu led a team in creating a new type of neural network made with memristors, which can dramatically improve the efficiency of teaching machines to think like humans. The network, called a reservoir computing system, could predict words before they are said during conversation, and help predict future outcomes based on the present. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  LNF  Lu, Wei  Memristor  

A shoe-box-sized chemical detector

Prof. Mohammed Islam developed a small chemical sensor device that will be able to detect "single-fingerprint quantities" of substances from a distance of more than 100 feet away. It could potentially be used to identify traces of drugs and explosives and speed the analysis of certain medical samples. It could also be mounted on a drone or carried by doctors, police, border officials and soldiers. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Islam, Mohammed  Optics and Photonics  

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