Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

Research News

HV Jagadish Elected as Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science

HV Jagadish, the Bernard A. Galler Collegiate Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science and a distinguished scientist at the Michigan Institute for Data Science, has been elected as a fellow of the AAAS for distinguished contributions to database systems and many aspects of Big Data and data science, specifically for new ways to share data. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Big Data  Data and Computing  Jagadish, HV  Lab-Software Systems  

2017 CSE Graduate Student Honors Competition Highlights Outstanding Research

CSE held its fourteenth annual CSE Graduate Student Honors Competition on November 8. The top presentation competition was "Analyzing and Enhancing the Security of Modern Memory Systems," given by Salessawi Ferede Yitbarek, who represented CSE's Hardware research area. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Graduate Students  

Prof. Chris Peikert Receives TCC Test of Time Award for Work in Lattice Cryptography

Chris Peikert, the Patrick C. Fischer Development Professor in Theoretical Computer Science, and his co-author Alon Rosen have received the TCC Test of Time Award for their paper on efficient collision-resistant hashing on cyclic lattices. The award is a recognition of a long line of works by Prof. Peikert and others who laid the foundations for practically efficient lattice-based cryptography. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Theory of Computation  Peikert, Chris  Security (Computing)  

Michigan Researchers Win Best Paper Award at DFT 2017

John P. Hayes, Claude E. Shannon Professor of Engineering Science, and CSE graduate student Paishun Ting have received the Best Paper Award at the 30th IEEE Symposium on Defect and Fault Tolerance for their work in eliminating a hidden source of error in stochastic circuits. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Computer Architecture  Computer-Aided Design & VLSI  Graduate Students  Hayes, John  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  

New Funding for High-Fidelity Nerve Mapping Research

The NIH's Stimulating Peripheral Activity to Relieve Conditions (SPARC) program awarded a U-M project $1 million in funding to develop highly-compliant microneedle arrays for peripheral nerve mapping. The team's project director and principal investigator is John Seymour. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Brain  Health  MEMS and Microsystems  Optoelectronics  Yoon, Euisik  

U-M Receives $1.6M Toward Artificial Intelligence for Data Science

A team from the University of Michigan has received $1.6 million from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency to help develop a toolkit so that anyone can use big data to help answer questions and ultimately speed up the process of discovery. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Balzano, Laura  Big Data  Computer Vision  Corso, Jason  

Cooling off with Lasers

Prof. Stephen Rand and his team are studying how to use lasers to cool down solid matter. Besides breaking common notions about lasers, there are several applications for the refrigeration of solids with light. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lasers  Optics and Photonics  Rand, Stephen  

Precise pulses explore light's magnetism

A new laser will investigate an unusual magnetic effect that may lead to efficient solar energy harvesting. The new laser facility is housed in the Center for Dynamic Magneto-Optics (DYNAMO), directed by Prof. Stephen Rand. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Optics and Photonics  Lasers  Optics and Photonics  Power and Energy  Rand, Stephen  

Doubling the power of the world's most intense laser

The most intense laser in the world is about to get a power upgrade with $2 million from the National Science Foundation. With more laser energy to focus, researchers at the University of Michigan and collaborators from around the world can make better tabletop devices that produce particle and X-ray beams for medical and national security applications and also explore mysteries in astrophysics and the quantum realm [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Center for Ultrafast Optical Science (CUOS)  HERCULES  Lab-Optics and Photonics  Lasers  Maksimchuk, Anatoly  Nees, John A.  Optics and Photonics  Willingale, Louise  

Wearables to boost security of voice-based log-in

Voice authentication is easy to spoof. New technology could help close this open channel. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Software Systems  Networking, Operating Systems, and Distributed Systems  Security (Computing)  Shin, Kang G.  

Precision Health at Michigan

Learn more about Michigan's new initiative to lead in precision health: using advanced tools and technology to provide personalized solutions to improve an individual's health and wellness. Lead by co-director Eric Michielssen. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Applied Electromagnetics and RF Circuits  Big Data  Health  Michielssen, Eric  Signal & Image Processing and Machine Learning  

Manos Kapritsos and Collaborators Win USENIX Security Paper Award

A team of researchers including Prof. Manos Kapritsos has won a Distinguished Paper Award at the 2017 USENIX Security Symposium for Vale, a new programming language and tool that supports flexible, automated verification of high-performance cryptographic assembly code. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Kapritsos, Manos  Lab-Software Systems  Security (Computing)  

Using University of Michigan buildings as batteries

Michigan researchers and staff are testing how to use the immense thermal energy of large buildings as theoretical battery packs. The goal is to help the nations grid better accommodate renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Energy Science and Engineering  Hiskens, Ian  Infrastructure  Lab-Michigan-Power-and-Energy(MPEL)  Mathieu, Johanna  Power and Energy  Sustainability  

Michigan, Georgia Tech Researchers Funded to Deter Financial Market Manipulation

Researchers at the University of Michigan and the Georgia Institute of Technology will develop innovative approaches to detecting and deterring the computerized manipulation of financial markets under a $1M grant from the National Science Foundations's Big Data program. Michael Wellman, the Lynn A. Conway Collegiate Professor of Computer Science and Engineering, is project director and one of five PIs. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Big Data  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Wellman, Michael  

Improving Natural Language Processing with Demographic-Aware Models

Michigan researchers, including Prof. Rada Mihalcea, research fellow Carmen Banea, and graduate student Aparna Garimella have found that word associations vary across different demographics, and researchers can build better natural language processing models if they can account for demographics. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Mihalcea, Rada  

Getting People Moving: Walking Exoskeletons Could Mobilize Disabled Patients

PhD student Omar Harib, postdoctoral researcher Ayonga Hereid, and PhD student Eva Mungai spent four days in July working with French company Wandercraft in Paris. The company's goal is to create an exoskeleton that will allow patients that are paralyzed from the waist down to walk upright, with a natural gait and the freedom to use their hands. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Control Systems  Grizzle, Jessy  Health  Lab-Systems  Robotics and Autonomous Systems  

BugMD: Automatic Mismatch Diagnosis for Bug Triaging

Today's incredibly dense microprocessors take more time to verify for correctness than they do to design, and bugs are extremely difficult to track down and correct. CSE researchers have introduced BugMD, an automatic bug triaging solution that collects multiple architectural-level mismatches and employs a classifier to pinpoint buggy design units. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Bertacco, Valeria  Computer Architecture  Computer-Aided Design & VLSI  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  Mahlke, Scott  

'Learning Database' Speeds Queries from Hours to Seconds

University of Michigan researchers developed software called Verdict that enables existing databases to learn from each query a user submits, finding accurate answers without trawling through the same data again and again. Verdict allows databases to deliver answers more than 200 times faster while maintaining 99 percent accuracy. In a research environment, that could mean getting answers in seconds instead of hours or days. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Big Data  Lab-Software Systems  Mozafari, Barzan  

Codeon is the Intelligent Assistant for Software Developers

Researchers, including Profs. Walter S. Lasecki and Steve Oney, and graduate students Yan Chen and Yin Xie have created Codeon, a system that enables more effective task hand-off between end-user developers and remote helpers by allowing asynchronous responses to on-demand requests. With Codeon, developers can request help by speaking their requests aloud within the context of their Integrated Development Environment. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Lab-Software Systems  Lasecki, Walter  

BigANT Tackles the Wave Field

Prof. Shai Revzen's lab has developed an inexpensive technique to rapidly fabricate a variety of useful robots, requiring only their modules and two stock materials. One of the lab's modular bots, BigANT, just received a major redesign that lets it walk over grass, up hills, and across uneven surfaces. It took on north campus' biggest terrain challenge, the Wave Field, in this new video. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Revzen, Shai  Robotics and Autonomous Systems  

Accelerating the Mobile Web: Vroom Software Could Double its Speed

Vroom software, developed by computer scientists including Prof. Harsha Madhyastha and CSE graduate student Vaspol Ruamviboonsuk, can dramatically speed the loading of webpages on mobile devices. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Software Systems  Madhyastha, Harsha  Mobile and Networked Computing  

Kurator Will Help You Curate Your Personal Digital Content

People capture photos, audio recordings, video, and more on a daily basis, but organizing all these digital artifacts quickly becomes a daunting task. Automated solutions struggle to help us manage this data because they cannot understand its meaning. Profs. Walter Lasecki and Mark Ackerman have helped create Kurator, a hybrid intelligence system leveraging mixed-expertise crowds to help families curate their personal digital content. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Ackerman, Mark  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Lab-Software Systems  Lasecki, Walter  

Movie Design for Specific Target Audiences

Creating products that satisfy the market is critical to companies as it determines their success and revenue. Currently, experts use their judgment to estimate solutions to designing a new product that will satisfy customers, but this does not scale or allow leveraging massive datasets. Prof. Danai Koutra and her colleagues sought to identify how they can design new movies with features tailored to a specific user population. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Koutra, Danai  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Lab-Software Systems  

CHORUS: The Crowd-Powered Conversational Assistant

Prof. Walter Lasecki and his colleagues have developed a crowd-powered conversational assistant, Chorus, and deployed it to see how users and workers would interact together when mediated by the system. Chorus is capable of providing users with relevant responses instead of merely search results by recruiting workers on demand, who in turn decide what the best response is for each user sentence. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Lab-Software Systems  Lasecki, Walter  

Social Interaction Patterns Provide Clues to Real Life Changes

Researchers including Prof. Danai Koutra have explored the dynamics of individual user interactions in social networks by creating iNET, a comprehensive analytic and visualization framework that provides personalized insights into user behavior. The researchers view their work as a first step towards fully exploring the amount and type of information that can be extracted from the online social footprint of a person. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Koutra, Danai  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Lab-Software Systems  

$7.75M for mapping circuits in the brain

A new NSF Tech Hub will put tools to rapidly advance our understanding of the brain into the hands of neuroscientists. The technology exists to stimulate and map circuits in the brain, but neuroscientists have yet to tap this potential. Now, developers of these technologies are coming together to demonstrate and share them to drive a rapid advance in our understanding of the brain, funded by $7.75 million from the National Science Foundation. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Brain  Health  Yoon, Euisik  

Apps available for your smartphone could steal your personal information

WXYZ Detroit reports on work by UM researchers that has exposed dangerous open ports in mobile platforms that can be taken advantage of by hackers. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Graduate Students  Lab-Software Systems  Mao, Zhuoqing Morley  Mobile and Networked Computing  Security (Computing)  

Seeing through materials with visible light

With yogurt and crushed glass, Prof. Raj Nadakuditi's group have taken a step toward using visible light to image inside the body. Their method for focusing light through these materials is much faster and simpler than today's dominant approach. By understanding exactly how a patch of skin scatters the light, researchers hope to carefully pattern light beams so that they focus inside the bodya first step toward seeing into it. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Health  Lab-Optics and Photonics  Lasers  Medical Imaging  Nadakuditi, Rajesh Rao  Norris, Theodore B.  

Dmitry Berenson Helps Robots Play Nice with People (with Video)

Prof. Dmitry Berenson wants robots to help us out anywhere, any time. In order to do so, he's working with state of the art equipment to design algorithms for robotic manipulation. These algorithms could turn a hunk of metal into a useful household assistant. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Berenson, Dmitry  Robotics and Autonomous Systems  

Breakthrough for Large Scale Computing: Memory Disaggregation Made Practical

CSE researchers have introduced Infiniswap, the first system to scalably implement cluster-wide memory disaggregation, whereby the memory of all the servers in a computing cluster is transparently exposed as a single memory pool to all the applications in the cluster. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Chowdhury, Mosharaf  Lab-Software Systems  Networking, Operating Systems, and Distributed Systems  Shin, Kang G.  Software Systems  

Next-gen computing inspired by biology

Inspired by how mammals see, a new memristor computer circuit prototype developed by Prof. Wei Lu has the potential to process complex data, such as images and video orders of magnitude faster and with much less power than todays most advanced systems. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Computer-Aided Design & VLSI  Lu, Wei  Memristor  Zhang, Zhengya  

Sister cell profiling aims to shut down cancer metastasis

In work that could improve understanding of how cancer spreads, a team of engineers and medical researchers at the University of Michigan including Prof. Euisik Yoon developed a new kind of microfluidic chip that can capture rare, aggressive cancer cells, grow them on the chip and release single cells on demand. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Cancer  Health  Yoon, Euisik  

Shai Revzen part of a new five-institution MURI focused on the control of dynamic systems

Prof. Shai Revzen is a member of a five-institution team that will take advantage of recent advances in computation to exploit the promise of the Koopman Theory for modeling and control of dynamic systems.

The research is funded under a $6.25 million, five-year Multi-University Research Initiative (MURI) based at the University of California, Santa Barbara, and called From Data-Driven Operator Theoretic Schemes to Prediction, Inference and Control of Systems (DDOTS to PICS). [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Control Systems  Lab-Systems  Revzen, Shai  Robotics and Autonomous Systems  

Open Ports Act As Security Wormholes Into Mobile Devices

Computer science and engineering researchers at the University of Michigan have for the first time characterized a widespread vulnerability in the software that runs on mobile devices which could allow attackers to steal contact information, security credentials, photos, and other sensitive data, and also to install malware and to perform malicious code execution which could be used in large-scale attacks. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Graduate Students  Lab-Software Systems  Mao, Zhuoqing Morley  Mobile and Networked Computing  Networking, Operating Systems, and Distributed Systems  Security (Computing)  

Building More Stable Quadruped Robots: A Dog's Point of View

Research into the gait of dogs may lead to improved design of quadruped robots and how we control their movement. Shai Revzen, a biologist turned roboticist, brings a unique perspective to the study of animals, one thats beginning to be heard by the biological community as well. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Revzen, Shai  Robotics and Autonomous Systems  

How to Build a BigANT Shai Revzen's Critter-Inspired Robots

Want to build your own robot fast and cheap? Shai Revzen is making that easier with his plate and reinforced flexure (PARF) fabrication technique. He used PARF to develop the meter-scale hexapedal robot known as BigANT, whose design files are available to all. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Revzen, Shai  Robotics and Autonomous Systems  

Transparent silver: Tarnish-proof films for flexible displays, touch screens, metamaterials

The thinnest, smoothest layer of silver that can survive air exposure has been laid down by Prof. Jay Guo, and it could change the way touchscreens and flat or flexible displays are made. It could also help improve computing power, affecting both the transfer of information within a silicon chip and the patterning of the chip itself through metamaterial superlenses. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Displays  Flexible electronics  Guo, L. Jay  Lab-Optics and Photonics  Solid-State Devices and Nanotechnology  

Video: Tech Time - Software developed to help the blind

This news segment on WDIV TV highlights the work that Dr. David Chesney and his students have done in conjunction with India West, a passionate young woman who lost her eyesight at an early age. Together, they conceptualize and develop technology for the visually impaired. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Chesney, David  Undergraduate Students  

Sonic Cyber Attacks Show Security Holes in Ubiquitous Sensors

Sound waves can be used to hack into critical sensors used in a broad array of technologies including smartphones, automobiles, medical devices, and the Internet of Things, according to research performed by Prof. Kevin Fu, Prof. Peter Honeyman, CSE graduate student Timothy Trippel, and their collaborators at the University of South Carolina. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Embedded Computing and Systems  Fu, Kevin  Graduate Students  Internet of Things  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  Lab-Software Systems  Security (Computing)  

Ultrashort light pulses for fast 'lightwave' computers

Extremely short, configurable "femtosecond" pulses of light demonstrated by an international team could lead to future computers that run up to 100,000 times faster than today's electronics. Prof. Mack Kira showed that we can control the peaks within the laser pulses and also twist the light. This is a step toward so-called "lightwave electronics" and, in the more distant future, quantum computing. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Kira, Mackillo  Optics and Photonics  Quantum Computing  Quantum Science and Technology  

Cindy Finelli: Community Building And Envisioning The Future Of Engineering Education Research

Prof. Cindy Finelli was highlighted as a pioneer of engineering education for her work in community building and education research. She is part of a new initiative at U-M to include education research in engineering departments. She is also the Director of Engineering Education Research in the College of Engineering. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Engineering Education Research  Finelli, Cynthia  

CSE-Based Startup Clinc Receives $6.3M in Funding to Further Develop Intelligent Banking Assistant

Clinc, the cutting-edge artificial intelligence startup founded by Profs. Jason Mars and Lingjia Tang along with CSE research fellow Michael Laurenzano and CSE graduate student Johann Hauswald, has announced it has closed a $6.3 million Series A round of financing. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Mars, Jason  Tang, Lingjia  Technology Transfer  

Gopal Nataraj Receives U-M Rackham Predoctoral Fellowship to Support High-impact Research in Medical Imaging

Gopal Nataraj, a doctoral student in Electrical and Computer Engineering, received a U-M Rackham Predoctoral Fellowship to support his research that promises to lead to improved techniqes in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The Rackham Predoctoral Fellowship is awarded to outstanding doctoral candidates in the final stages of their program whose research is unusually creative, ambitious and impactful. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Fessler, Jeffrey  Graduate Students  Lab-Systems  Machine Learning  Medical Imaging  Medical diagnosis  Signal & Image Processing and Machine Learning  

Michigan's Millimeter-Scale Computers featured at ISSCC2017, and in IEEE Spectrum

Profs. David Blaauw and Dennis Sylvester presented a total of 10 papers at the 2017 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference (ISSCC). Most were related to their Michigan Micro Mote (M3) computers. Their goal is to make smarter, smaller sensors for medical devices and the Internet of Things that can do more with less energy. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Michigan Integrated Circuits (MICL)  Sylvester, Dennis  

Snow science in action

Using high-tech equipment like infrared sensors and low-tech gear like shovels, researchers are trying to determine what remote sensors could best be used on satellites to produce more accurate snowpack measurements around the world. ECE grad student Mohammad Mousavi is working on Grand Mesa with a University of Michigan boom truck parked at the Jumbo Campground by Mesa Lakes and outfitted with a microwave radiometer, one type of snowpack measurement device. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Graduate Students  Lab-Radiation (RADLAB)  Remote Sensing  Sarabandi, Kamal  

CASSIE: A Tougher, Lighter Bipedal Robot with Eyes

A new two-legged robot is coming to Michigan Engineering: the third generation biped in the lab of Jessy Grizzle, whose previous bots have been programmed to walk unassisted over rough terrain and jog a nine-minute mile. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Control Systems  Grizzle, Jessy  Robotics and Autonomous Systems  

Mingyan Liu: Confessions of a Pseudo Data Scientist

Prof. Mingyan Liu gives the lecture "Confessions of a Pseudo Data Scientist" at the Women in Data Science Conference hosted by MIDAS. Prof. Lius research interests include optimal resource allocation, sequential decision theory, incentive design, and performance modeling and analysis, all within the context of communications networks. Her most recent research involves online learning, modeling and mining of large-scale internet measurement data concerning cyber-security, and incentive mechanisms for interdependent security games. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Big Data  Lab-Systems  Liu, Mingyan  

Harsha Madhyastha Selected for Google Faculty Award

Prof. Harsha V. Madhyastha has been awarded a 2017 Google Faculty Research Award for his work in enabling the deployment of low-latency web services in the cloud. It is his third research award from Google. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Software Systems  Madhyastha, Harsha  Networking, Operating Systems, and Distributed Systems  Software Systems  Warehouse-Scale and Parallel Systems  

U-M first in line for new bird-inspired walking robot

A new two-legged robot is coming to Michigan Engineering: the third generation biped in the lab of Jessy Grizzle, whose previous 'bots have been programmed to walk unassisted over rough terrain and jog a nine-minute mile. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Grizzle, Jessy  Robotics and Autonomous Systems  

Becky Peterson Receives NSF CAREER Award for Research in Amorphous Semiconductors for Next Generation Electronics

Prof. Becky Peterson was awarded an NSF CAREER award for her research project entitled Band Engineering in Amorphous Semiconductors." She will develop new alloys of amorphous oxide semiconductors with precisely tuned semiconductor energy band structures in order to enable new categories of electronic and opto-electronic devices. This research is applicable to the next generation of high-power electronics and deep ultraviolet optoelectronic devices, with specific applications in renewable energy and health care. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Health  Lab-Solid State Electronics (SSEL)  Optoelectronics  Peterson, Becky (R. L.)  Solid-State Devices and Nanotechnology  Sustainability  

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